A Temple of Worthies

picture of a corinthian rotunda

Contents

Introduction

A formal garden of suitable extent might include a Temple of Worthies containing portrait busts of those admired by its builder. This digital version is basically a portrait gallery of eminent scientists and engineers. (For a collection of eminent humanists, see the "Garret (for Artists and Writers)," also presented by lemur.com) Most of these figures are quite well known (Newton, Galileo, etc.) A few, while well known, are less well known to me (such as the botanists Ray and Hales) but have been included because they were in the source material I used. A few are quite important to me, but perhaps less well known than they should be (especially Maudslay). In many of these latter cases, I don't yet have any freely copyable images of them.

The interpretation of history as the creation of a few "Great Men" is certainly false. Still, only a few of the many who shaped our history are recorded, and it is through them that we can look back. So ignore the "great man" and try instead to see the mind and personality behind the face in the old engraving.

The Worthies

no portrait yet of Ada, Countess of Lovelace Ada, Countess of Lovelace
No portrait yet.

Louis Agassiz Louis Agassiz
From Bolton, frontis.

John James Audoubon John James Audubon
From Bolton, facing p. 167.

Francis Trevelyan Buckland Francis Trevelyan Buckland
From Bolton, facing p. 396.

no portrait yet of Charles Babbage Charles Babbage
No portrait yet.

Robert Boyle Robert Boyle
From Shuster & Shipley, facing p. 72. In turn from a painting by F. Kerseboom in the posession, in 1917, of the Royal Society.

no portrait yet of Isambard Kingdom Brunel Isambard Kingdom Brunel
No portrait yet.

William Congreve William Congreve
From Harris.

Baron Cuvier Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert, Baron Cuvier
From Bolton, facing p. 65.

John Dalton John Dalton
From Shuster & Shipley, facing p. 16. In turn from a painting by R. R. Faulkner in the posession, in 1917, of the Royal Society.

Charles Darwin Charles Darwin
From Shuster & Shipley, facing p. 268. In turn from a photograph by Maull & Fox.

An engraved portrait, from Bolton, facing p. 347.

no portrait yet of Erasmus Darwin Erasmus Darwin
No portrait yet.

Humphry Davy Humphry Davy
From Shuster & Shipley, facing p. 112. In turn from a painting by Sir Thomas Lawrence in the posession, in 1917, of the Royal Society.

An engraved portrait, from Bolton, facing p. 139.

no portrait yet of Rowland Emett Rowland Emett
Actually, it's rather unlikely that I'll ever find a public domain portrait of Emett. He's a hero of mine, though, so I wanted to include him here.

Michael Faraday Michael Faraday
From Shuster & Shipley, facing p. 32. In turn from a painting by A. Blakely in the posession, in 1917, of the Royal Society.

Galileo Galileo
From Fahre, plate XXXIX, between pages 206 and 207.

Here is a different portrait. It is from the Perry-Castañeda Library Portraits.

Here is yet another portrait, of a younger Galileo It is from Abbott.

An engraved portrait, similar to the one from Fahre, from Bolton, on verso before p. 1.

Stephen Hales Stephen Hales
From Shuster & Shipley, facing p. 236. In turn from a portrait by Thomas Hudson.

William Harvey William Harvey
From Shuster & Shipley, facing p. 294. In turn from a painting by Cornelius Janssen in (1917) the College of Physicians.

Here is a different portrait. It is from the Perry-Castañeda Library Portraits.

Joseph Henry Joseph Henry
From Bolton, facing p. 275.

William Herschel William Herschel
From Bolton, facing p. 81.

Humboldt Alexander von Humboldt
From Bolton, facing p. 107.

James Prescott Joule James Prescott Joule
From Shuster & Shipley, facing p. 160. In turn from a photograph by Lady Roscoe.

Kelvin William Thomson, Lord Kelvin
From Shuster & Shipley, facing p. 190. In turn from a photograph by by Messrs. Dickinsons.

Leonardo Leonardo da Vinci
From Singer.

Here is a different portrait. It is from the Perry-Castañeda Library Portraits.

Linnaeus Carl (or Carolus) Linnæus (Carl von Linné)
From Bolton, facing p. 49.

Charles Lyell Charles Lyell
From Shuster & Shipley, facing p. 310. In turn from a daguerreotype by J. E. Mayal.

An engraved portrait from Bolton, facing p. 246.

no portrait yet of Henry Maudslay Henry Maudslay
No portrait yet.

James Clerk Maxwell James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879)
From Shuster & Shipley, facing p. 86. This image from Shuster & Shipley, curiously identified as John Clerk Maxwell, does seem to be of James Clerk Maxwell (John, 1787-1856) was his father). It is identified as being from an engraving by G. J. Stodard in Nature of a photograph by Fergus of Glasgow.

S.F.B. Morse Samuel Finley Breese Morse
From Bolton, facing p. 202.

Newton Isaac Newton
From Shuster & Shipley, frontispiece. In turn from an engraving of from a painting by Kneller, in the possession, in 1917, of Lord Portsmouth.

Here is a different portrait. It is from the Perry-Castañeda Library Portraits.

Here is yet another portrait. It is from Abbott.

An engraved portrait from Bolton, facing p. 28.

John Ray John Ray
From Shuster & Shipley, facing p. 232. In turn from an original portrait, by a painter not identified, in (1917) the British Museum.

George Gabriel Stokes George Gabriel Stokes
From Shuster & Shipley, facing p. 124. In turn from a photograph by Fradelle & Young.

Thomas Young Thomas Young
From Shuster & Shipley, facing p. 212. In turn from a portrait by Sir Thomas Lawrence.

Sources

Abbot, C. G. [Secretary, Smithsonian Institution] "Astronomy in Shakespeare's Time and in Ours." pp. 109-122 + 6 bw plates. In Annual Report of the Board of Regents of The Smithsonian Institution Showing the Operations, Expenditures, and Condition of the Institution For the Year Ended June 30 1936. Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1937. Smithsonian Publication No. 3405.

Bolton, Sarah K. Famous Men of Science. NY: Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., 1889.

Fahre, J. J. "The Scientific Works of Galileo (1564-1642) [:] With Some Account of His Life and Trial [;] Being a Review of Favaro's Edizione nazionale delle Opera di Galileo (1890-1909)." In Singer, Charles, ed. Studies in the History and Method of Science, Volume ii. Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, 1921.

Harris, Elizabeth M. "Sir William Congreve and his Compound-Plate Printing." United States National Museum Bulletin 252, Contributions from The Museum of History and Technology" as Paper 71. (Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office / Smithsonian Institution Press, 1967). "For Sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office." As U.S. Government publication, this work is in the public domain.

Perry-Castañeda Library, University of Texas at Austin. http://www.lib.utexas.edu/photodraw/portraits/index.html, in turn digitizing from:

The Perry-Castañeda Library makes it clear that these images are and remain in their digitizations in the public domain.

Shuster, Arthur and Arthur E. Shipley. Britain's Heritage of Science. London: Constable & Co. Ltd., 1917.

Singer, Charles, ed. Studies in the History and Method of Science, Volume ii. Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, 1921.

A Gallery of Antiquarian Technology